The Jamaica government is the
largest organization in the country with over 300 different ministries and
government agencies. These handle everything from the Jamaican financial
status to the economy to the amendment of the Jamaican constitution The
Government of Jamaica is broken down into several sectors that you can visit
through the get Jamaica portal.
|Prime Minister - Bruce
|2007 - Present
government is known as a parliamentary democracy which is based on a
representational system of government. Jamaica
government is a constitutional monarchy and as a unitary state is a member of
the Commonwealth of Nations. The Jamaican
constitution was based on the
Westminster and Whitehall System of Government. This
means that the citizens of a country choose the individuals that govern the
people. This established government tables laws that must be subscribed to by
all the citizens of that country.
Jamaica Government – Monarch :
The Queen of England is the head of state for the Jamaica
government. The local representative of the queen in Jamaica government is appointed as
the Governor General based on the recommendation of the Jamaica Prime Minister.
The appointed Governor General should not have any affiliation to any Jamaica
government political party. The most legislative power held by the governor
general is the power to pardon any convicted criminal person who has been
sentenced to death.
Jamaica Government – Parliament :
government parliament consists of two Houses - the
government Senate or the Upper House, and a House of Representatives or the
Lower House. Parliament is appointed once every five years. This is done by the
governor general that dissolves parliament before a Jamaica government general election.
Jamaica Government – Senate
government Senate is made up of 21 senators. All senators are nominated.
All senators are appointed by the Governor-General, with thirteen (13) on
the recommendation of the Prime Minister and eight (8) on the recommendation of
the Leader of the Opposition. This is a
key part of the structure of Jamaica
government. Only four (4) ministers of Jamaica government are appointed
from the Senate, and they may have portfolio responsibilities. The Jamaica
government Senate usually operates as a review body, rubber stamping bills
passed by the lower house or the House of Representatives. Senate can initiate Jamaica
government legislation with the exception of money bills.
– House of Representatives
The Jamaican House of Representatives consists of 60
members as per the Jamaican constitution. The Jamaica government retains or earns
power by having support of a majority in the lower house or the House of
Representatives. Most bills in
government legislature are started in the lower house. All Bills which are
eventually enacted by government must be passed by the majority in the lower
house. The House of Representatives has control over the Government’s finances.
Funds cannot be granted nor taxation levied without the approval of the
Jamaica Government – The Speaker
The Speaker of the House or Jamaican parliament is elected
by the House of Representatives The Speaker of the House is normally affiliated
to the Jamaica government ruling party, however at times a person related to
Jamaica government opposition party can be selected. The Speaker of the Jamaica
government does not take part in debates.
He is charged with ensuring that members of the House stay within the
parameters or rules of parliaments and that the rights of the Jamaica
government Opposition party are protected.
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