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Jamaican Articles -The truth about Jamaican coffee
Jamaican blue mountain coffee is the worlds best
Jamaican coffee has been noted globally as one of the best coffee beans in the world. The traditionally Arabic Jamaican coffee bean grown specifically in the Jamaican Blue Mountains are reputed to be one of the most sought after Jamaican hot drink recipes. This article explores the Jamaican coffee bean and its major and most notable natural ingredient caffeine.
The Jamaican coffee plant is a woody perennial evergreen that belongs to the Rubiaceae family. Two main species are cultivated today. Coffee Arabica (Jamaican type coffee) known as Arabica (Jamaican type coffee) coffee accounts for 75-80% of the world's production. Coffee canephora, known as Robusta coffee, is more resilient plant than the Arabica (Jamaican type coffee) shrubs, but produces an inferior tasting beverage. The Jamaican coffee plant can grow to heights of 10 meters if not pruned, but producing countries maintain coffee at three meters to ease picking. Each hectare of coffee produces 86 lbs of oxygen per day, which is about half the production of the same area in a rain forest. Coffee is second to oil in terms of world commodity trading and that it provides employment for around 20 million people. The name coffee may be derived from the Arabic "qahwah" or alternatively may have arisen due to the connection with the province Kaffa, in Ethiopia. The Jamaican coffee tree is indigenous to Ethiopia, not Arabia as many tend to think and belongs to the genus Coffea of the Rubianceae, or madder, family. The first English coffee house opened in Oxford in 1650 and by 1675 there were nearly 3000 coffee houses in England.
In Jamaica, only Arabica (Jamaican type coffee) coffee is grown and "blue mountain coffee means: Jamaican coffee that is grown in the Blue Mountain Area as described and is processed or manufactured at any coffee works specified in the Schedule and to which a license granted pursuant to regulation 5 relates. The quality of the beans is graded into Jamaican Blue Mountain No. 1 - 3, Pea Berry and Triage. Other grades of Jamaican coffee include: High Mountain Supreme, Jamaica Prime and Jamaica Select. In its wild state, the shrub grows to about 8 to 10 meters.
Jamaican caffeine is a naturally occurring substance found in the leaves, seeds or fruits of over 63 plant species worldwide and in Jamaica, it is part of a group of compounds known as methylxanthines. The most commonly known sources of caffeine are Jamaican coffee and Jamaican cocoa beans, cola nuts and Jamaican tea leaves. Jamaican caffeine is known medically as trimethylxanthine. When isolated in pure form, caffeine is a white crystalline powder that tastes very bitter. The chief source of pure Jamaican caffeine is the process of decaffeinating Jamaican coffee and Jamaican tea.
Medically, Jamaican caffeine is useful as a cardiac stimulant and also as a mild diuretic as it increases urine production. Recreationally, it is used to provide a "boost of energy" or a feeling of heightened alertness. Jamaican caffeine is an addictive drug. Among its many actions, it operates using the same mechanisms that amphetamines, cocaine, and heroin use to stimulate the brain although its effects are milder.
Jamaican caffeine is a central nervous system stimulant. In moderate doses, Jamaican caffeine can increase alertness, reduce fine motor co-ordination, cause insomnia, cause headaches, nervousness and dizziness. In massive doses, Jamaican caffeine is lethal. A fatal dose of Jamaican caffeine has been calculated to be more than 10 grams this is the same as drinking 80 to 100 cups of Jamaican coffee in rapid succession not an easy thing to do.
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