Jamaica farming and cultivation of organic foods is important for agriculture in the country.
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Jamaica Farming

From many decades, agriculture has been the common industry in Jamaica. This island boasts a wide range of soils, as well as weather conditions, which makes it suitable for practically all the tropical plants and food to be grown in all the areas. The main economic crops happen to be sugar, citrus, bananas, cocoa, coconuts and coffee. Some of them will be looked at briefly and also highlighting how some of the effects of sugar cane farming in Jamaica.

The coconut, sugar cane, ginger and rice was introduced to Jamaica from the Far Eastern nations; bananas came out of the Canary Islands; mangoes and limes from India; cocoa from Southern America; ackee fruit from Africa and breadfruit received from Tahiti.

Pimento is actually cultivated mostly in Trelawny, St. Ann, St Elizabeth and Manchester. The ginger will grow nicely in Jamaica, particularly in areas with elevations more than 2,000 feet above the level of the sea. The logwood tree which produces dye can be found in the plains of St Elizabeth, St. Catherine and Clarendon.

The sugar cane can be cultivated on a wide selection of soil as well as weather conditions. The alluvial plains in Clarendon and St Catherine which contain a large quantity of humus are actually ideal for this crop in Jamaica. Generally, flat or slightly undulating land will be best, since the flat land will make it much more convenient if the cultivation is carried out with mechanical equipment or hand, as
well as transporting the canes to the required factory.

Throughout Jamaica the cultivation of sugar cane will vary in the different parishes based on the prevailing conditions, nonetheless the actual trend will be for more mechanization, since it is depended on manual labor.

The beautiful sunshine in Jamaica is one of the important components for cultivating the sugar cane and this can determine to a great extent the actual sucrose content for the cane juice. Prior to the launch of equipment, the smaller factories which crushed the cane with windmills, were generally located on the elevated lands in order to take advantage of the wind. However, in current times the larger main factories such as Monymusk and Frome are located in places where transportation is now somewhat convenient.

The sugar cane farming in Jamaica is actually disseminated by cuttings and will be grown in rows approximately 1.5 meters or 4 ft 6 inches away from one another. The plants require extensive farming to generate acceptable results. The molding must be done as soon as the plants reach around 0.5 m or18 inches high and the areas should be free from all weeds. Even though irrigation will be required on many estates, an excellent drainage is important and the earth should not become waterlogged.

The harvest will take anywhere between 12 to 18 months in order to reach maturity and the very first crop reaped out of the cuttings are generally called the plant canes. In the event that the stools or roots remained in the ground, this will produce new shoots and will be referred to as rations. Some of the by-products from the sugar cane include the famous Jamaican rum, molasses, power alcohol, a food for cattle which is made from the internal cellulose fiber of the cane, molascuit and a variety of bagasse, like the fiberboard well-known as paper pulp of Celotex.

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