Jamaican history facts and information
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Jamaican History

Presently, there seem to be a number of sites on the internet where people could gain knowledge of the historical past of Jamaica and this country definitely boast a multi-colored one. Prior to the appearance of Christopher Columbus in 1494 this tropical island was only populated with the Tainos, also called the Arawaks.

They lived in small tribal villages and survived from farming and fishing for several centuries before the arrival of the Spanish. Regrettably, as soon as they make contact with these Spanish this changed their standard of living significantly and it took just about 70 or 80 years for the Spanish to completely wipe out these villages.

The Spanish continued to be in control of Jamaica up to the year 1655 and also utilized this country as a base from which they tried to take control of the Americas. Even though Kingston is presently the capital of Jamaica, throughout the Spanish rule their primary administrative town was Spanish Town, which was called Santiago de la Vega in those days.

But, all of this changed in 1655 when the English landed in Jamaica and straight away challenged the Spaniards for the island. During this time General Venables and Admiral Penn invaded Jamaica with soldiers who put up a good fight and resulted in the Spanish surrendering to the British.

The English brought additional slaves who were Jews, Chinese, Africans, Indians and Germans to the island. However, the fight for this beautiful was not over, as in 1657 the Spanish with the help of Governor Don Cristobal Arnaldo de Ysassi started another battle. This is recorded in the historical past of Jamaica as the last stand and also the biggest war ever on the island. This took place in Rio Nuevo in St Mary and once again the English conquered the Spanish.

In 1658, the Governor of Jamaica invited the Buccaneers to the island and they set up home office in Port Royal. These people were invited in order to assist with the problems with the Spanish attackers. These buccaneers were at the same time utilized in order to achieve riches and therefore Port Royal soon became one of the richest places in the world. But, in 1692, there was a massive earthquake in Jamaica and Port Royal was ruined. Soon after this earthquake, the French made an effort to seize Jamaica from the controls of the British and they too were conquered.

Once all of those activities were finish, the English then get settled and established numerous sugar plantations using the indentured labors and later they started to bring in even more African slaves to the island. For the duration of the year 1655 right until slavery was abolished in 1838, most of the slaves that the English brought from Africa died on the journey to the island.

The sugar was brought back to their native soil, where it could be sold pretty easy. As a result, sugar ended up being the most prosperous crop harvested in Jamaica and quickly grew to be the mainstay throughout the island. This growth was of such magnitude that sugar was classified as the jewel within the British crown.

As you can see, Jamaican history is not only colorful and unique, but also provides a good understanding of the people who came to this island and was captivated by its beauty.

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