Jamaica history, a look and guide to the Arawaks to present day.
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Jamaica history

At present, Jamaica is undoubtedly one of most preferred holiday destinations for numerous travelers. The visitors seem to be captivated by the unique culture, rich history and warm and inviting weather. If you take a brief look at the Jamaica history this would prove to be very enlightening, regardless of whether you want to take a trip to the island later this year or perhaps in the foreseeable future.

The inhabitants before the Spanish
The island of Jamaica was occupied by the Tainos, also referred to as the Arawaks for several decades, prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus. These people existed in little communities and had a simple lifestyle primarily based on hunting, fishing and the cultivation of crops on a small scale. The appearance of the Spanish exposed the island to the rest of the world and this resulted in economic ventures. But, unfortunately this also introduced new diseases which damaged the indigenous Arawak communities a few decades later. Some evidence of the early inhabitants can be viewed today at a museum in White Marl, where there are artifacts on display.

The Spanish rule
From 1494 to1655, the Spanish utilized Jamaica as their primary base in their quest to control the Americas. But, during 1655, the island was taken over by the English headed by Admirals Venables and Penn. The actual influence that the Spanish settlers had on Jamaica as it relates to political, economic and social development was unimportant. Besides some buildings with their colonial architectural designs, as well as names that were given to places, rivers, mountains and more, the Spanish did not a significant impact on this island.

The slave era
A couple of years following the capturing of Jamaica, the British brought in slaves from Africa on a considerable scale to work on the sugar plantations. The British was lucky than the Spanish, as Jamaica delivered wealth to the plantation owners as well as to numerous English cities. The slave or plantation era completely outclassed the religious, political and economic life on the Island. However, in the year 1838, the slaves were granted freedom and this forced the plantation owners to start paying income to the laborers. Immediately after Emancipation, most of freed slaves moved into the mountains where they settled and start to cultivate their own crops.

The changes for Jamaica to gain Independence sparked the outcome of an economic turmoil which was a result of the "Great Depression". As a result, two political parties was formed in 1938 and additionally the labor unions joined together to fight for political freedom from the English. In the end, Jamaica was given political independence in 1962. After this, Jamaica was ruled by a prime minister, but this person still had to refer to a representative of the Queen of England. Today, the JLP and PNP is the two main political parties in Jamaica and the Governor General still represents the Queen.

Jamaica at present
This island is one of the popular tourist destinations in the Caribbean and the city of Kingston is the capital. Every year thousands of travelers come from all over the world to enjoy the culture, entertainment, food, weather, people, as well as to spend time in the luxury hotels and resorts in Jamaica. Once you get a brief look at the Jamaica history, it is a must that you will appreciate this island even more.

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